Directions for setting up pkgsrc on Debian Squeeze

Using pkgsrc on Debian Squeeze

After hitting some issues with glibc while setting up pkgsrc on Centos, I revisited setting up a Debian squeeze server with pkgsrc. Here are some notes on setting pkgsrc up to build.

First, get build requirements for bootstrapping:

apt-get install cvs build-essential

Next, checkout and bootstrap pkgsrc:

cd /usr
cvs -d checkout -rpkgsrc-2011Q1 pkgsrc

Make sure to pay attention to the current pkgsrc release.

You should have /usr/pkgsrc now, start by bootstraping:

cd /usr/pkgsrc/bootstrap
export SH=/bin/bash

The second command is a work around for the following, otherwise tripped, error:

a:/usr/pkgsrc/bootstrap# ./bootstrap
ERROR: Your shell's echo command is not BSD-compatible.
ERROR: Please select another shell by setting the environment
ERROR: variable SH.

As with any pkgsrc install, make sure /usr/pkg/{bin,sbin} is in your PATH env variable (assuming your shell is bash):

export PATH=/usr/pkg/bin:/usr/pkg/sbin:$PATH

Building a Package

Much like the last attempt at using pkgsrc on Centos, you will need the ncurses development headers:

apt-get install libncurses5-dev

Without going into much detail, because my boxes are virtualized on Xen with Rackspace’s cloud, I can assume they will be running the same kernel version. Using a cluster of Debian servers with the same release, on the same kernel allows me to use one server as a pkgsrc build server, pulling in binary packages from the other servers.

So, here, you would build from pkgsrc, I’ll just install from a binary package now that we’re bootstrapped.

Setting up rc.subr

Also, as mentioned, sysv-rc is far more compatible with pkgsrc init scripts and although some manual work is required, init scripts are easily maintained.

First, install rc.subr, this will still be used by pkgsrc init scripts:

cd /usr/pkgsrc/pkgtools/rc.subr
bmake install

Not a requirement, but I like to move the rc.d directory location to /usr/pkg/etc/rc.d to differentiate between the system init.d and pkgsrc rc.d paths. I add the following to /usr/pkg/etc/mk.conf:

RCD_SCRIPTS_DIR = /usr/pkg/etc/rc.d

Once built and installed, rc.subr requires one change:

--- /etc/rc.subr~       2011-04-23 06:02:34.000000000 +0000
+++ /etc/rc.subr        2011-04-23 06:03:01.000000000 +0000
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@

Starting with init

Using postfix as the example still, install the example init script into your rc.d path, mine is set to /usr/pkg/etc/rc.d:

cp /usr/pkg/share/examples/rc/postfix /usr/pkg/etc/rc.d

Edit /usr/pkg/etc/rc.d/postfix and add the sysv-rc headers, something similar to:

# Provides:          postfix
# Required-Start:    $local_fs $remote_fs
# Required-Stop:     $local_fs $remote_fs
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Postfix daemon.

Lastly, link the script to /etc/init.d and run update-rc.d:

ln -s /usr/pkg/etc/rc.d/postfix /etc/init.d/postfix
update-rc.d postfix defaults

Now, set up /etc/rc.conf as normal, and postfix should boot.